The second millennium BCE, which saw the disintegration of the Harappan civilization and the emergence of numerous regional cultures, was referred to as a “Dark Age” (Piggott 1950), “Dark Millennium” (Wheeler 1958) or “Vedic Night” (Fairservis 1975), to signify the arrival of “Aryans” and their conquest of, or spread over, north India.This lecture will use archaeological evidence, much of it recent, to show that there is no actual hiatus in the cultural transformation from the Harappan (3rd millennium BCE) to the Ganga-Vindhya (1st millennium BCE) civilization; the concept of a clean break between the two is imaginary, and would not have put forth if it had not been for the Aryan paradigm.
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